Monday, August 19, 2019

Terrain Generation...

I was very interested to read Bob Cordery's 'Terrain Generation' method, and wondered how adaptable it would be to my own 10x10 square grid.  The thought occurred to me that if I were to ignore the outer square of ... erm ... squares, the thing would work quite nicely.

So I gave it a crack - a stream and a road passing through undulating cultivated country.  Here is the result:


Terrain generation, using the method for an 8x8 square grid
ignoring the outermost squares on this 10x10 grid except
for roads and rivers, and - potentially - railways.

Well:  a bit sparse, but that can be remedied.  That green shape is not part of Bob's scheme, but it occurred to me that one might add things like orchards, ponds/meres, swamps and enclosed fields.  Requiring a 5 or 6 each for an orchard, pond or swamp, none appeared on this map.  Allowing a 4, 5 or 6 for an enclosed field area, and using the system of location placed it where the green dot appears on the grid.  Rolling a '5' for size yielded a 3-square area.  I arranged it arbitrarily as shown on the map.

Pretty open terrain, possibly somewhere in the steppes of the Ukraine or the Donbas areas, in the locality of a State Farm.

Of course, I'm not going to let this map go to waste.  I'll just have to think of a battle to fight on it!

Continuing from the Chronicles of Rajistan...

Overlooking 51st Division's position at Qusebah.
Continuing on from last time, the Rajistan Expeditionary Division (RED) has at last been confronted by a strong and determined enemy, entrenched to the eyes, the fortifications augmented by artillery and mitrailleuse machine guns. The main Sakhdad highway lying on the east bank of the Pardis River, that was the main avenue of advance, astride which, three of the four small Turkowaz infantry Divisions were dug in. 
General Scarlett's battle plan.
The two successive lines formed an angle, their righ flank resting upon the riverbank, the left flank sharply refused. The mitrailleuses of 45th and 51st Divisions were placed in the angles of the respective earthworks they occupied. Covering the otherwise open flank waited the Sipahi Brigade (14th), Nasr-Ed-Din's best formation. The weak 35th Division stood on the west bank against an unlikely approach from that direction, but also to protect the shore battery overlooking the reach that passed in front of the 38th Division lines. Unless otherwise engaged, the 35th were under instructions to hold themselves in readiness to cross the river by bridge of boats close by Qusabah township.
HMS Shoofly taking hits from the shore battery directly
behind the camera.
 A good deal of the battleground was covered with a light scrub (indicated by the light green patches on the map). This terrain offered neither protection nor concealment but did block line of sight. For that reason it was some assistance to General Scarlett's battle plan, offering as it did a covered approach to the enemy flank.   The few dark green patches indicate heavier brush, tall and dense enough, for example, to mask from the shore battery the approach of the gunboat Shoofly before reaching the westward bend in the river close by Bustan village.
The Dorsets returning behind Bustan after initial attack
easily repulsed by mitrailleuse fire 
Once the vessel emerged, however, she came under immediate gunfire from the shore battery, assisted for a short while (one turn) by 38th Division's artillery.  Someone must have trained the shore gunners well. Three salvoes were enough to cause considerable damage to the gunboat (loss of 2 of its 5 Strength Points), whereat Lt-Cdr Reding ordered full speed astern. Not yet within range of its own main armament, HMS Shoofly was not prepared to try conclusions against a well protected and well served shore battery. She dropped back to the cover of the thick scrub lining the riverbank. Its own gunnery had had meanwhile little discernible effect.
17th Brigade attacks.
Well before the brief riverine action and Shoofly's rather ignominious part in it, the infantry attacks had been going in. General Scarlett's battle plan had following his usual modus operandi: sending in a weak force (Column C) in a frontal demonstration, the main body (Column A)  to assault one wing, with two further columns fetching a near (Column B) and a farther (Column D) flanking sweep. The effect would be to place heavy pressure against the Turkowaz 'landward' flank.
Cavalry action on the north flank.
The Columns comprised the following (see army list previous posting):
Column A: 17th Brigade and 5th Hants Field Artillery;
Column B: 18th Brigade and 'X' Mountain Artillery Brigade;
Column C: 16th Brigade and 1st Rajistan Mountain Artillery;
Column D: 6th Cavalry Brigade.
Except 'C', each column carried a detachment of Gatling guns.
17th Bde Gatlings in action.
The early attacks were rather slow to get rolling, and took on to begin with a rather piecemeal appearance (low activation rolls, which, after all the artillery fire - counting the gunboat - left little room for other action. Passing through Bustan village, 2nd Dorset Infantry  at once felt the whiplash of mitrailleuse volley-fire. The regiment fell back through the village with rather more alacrity than it had advanced.  However, under cover of the Dorsets' attack and concentrated artillery fire upon the 'angle' position, 1st Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (the Ox and Bucks) closed in unscathed upon the entrenchment and swept over the  mitrailleuses.
1st Ox and Bucks overrun the 41st Division mitrailleuse position.

Surging through the line, they reached the 45th Division gun line, but, surrounded on three sides by enemies, were unable to make further progress. They were helped somewhat by 22nd Punchinjab infantry attacking and damaging the Turkowaz 177th Regiment. But nothing could prevent the 152nd Regiment of 38th Division assailing the Ox and Bucks' left whilst three Turkowaz artillery batteries pounded them from in front.

22nd Punchinjab Infantry, assaulting the 177th Regiment line,
still haven't breached the earthworks.

152nd Regiment counter-attacking
Help was coming from 16th Brigade, however. Although the Dorsets were inclined to await a less inopportune moment to advance,  the 114th Duke of Wellesley's Rifles were hurrying up behind the Ox and Bucks, ready to throw their weight wherever it might prove effective.  We'll leave this part of the narrative for the moment, with the repulse of 22nd Punchinjab Infantry, and the isolated  Ox and Bucks barely clinging to the section they have captured of the Turkowaz trench lines.

Ruberian lodgement within Turkowaz defences but
struggling to hold on.
As the attacks against 45th Division were gradually developing, a rather more brisk series of engagements began between the 6th 'Poona' Cavalry Brigade and the 14th Sipahis. The to and from action was to last all day, rampaging from the edge of the light scrub to the Sakhdad highway and back again, with heavy losses on both sides. Historians have been inclined to award the palm to the Turkowaz Horse, but the fact was that both sides were by the end of the day worn down to remnants. Still and all, the Rajistan cavalry were lucky to have survived at all.
Elements of 35th Division marching to the guns.
In the meantime, the urgent summons from Nasr-ed-Din has already reached 35th Division command. Leaving behind 137th Regiment to guard the shore battery, Duya-ed-Din Pasha set 138th and 139th on the march to Qusabah. It would be some hours (turns) before they could be expected to arrive.
General view

Rajistan forces gathering themselves for another blow.

Between the preceding and the following pictures, the overall situation can be seen to have changed slightly.  The Ox and Bucks still cling, under heavy counter-attack to the section of earthworks they have seized.  The supporting Sepoy Infantry might have swung to their left to take in the counter-attacking 139th Regiment, but with the repulse of 22nd Punchinjab, were to range up instead upon the right of Qx and Bucks to assail the battered 177th, on the right of 45th Division's line.  Had Abdul Jabbar Emir been less pressured he might have withdrawn that unit and inserted the 178th in its place.  But it was too late: The 114th DoW Rifles surged over the breastworks alongside their Ruberian comrades.   Meanwhile, in the distance, the RED cavalry had surged forward to menace the Turkowaz line of communication, the Sakhdad highway.
The RED cavalry got rather the better of the early clashes. Although the already under-strength Lancers took further losses, the sipahis were thrown back to the very highway itself. The RED cavalry looked set to drive on and sever the Turkowaz army's link to the vital provincial capital.
Ruberian cavalry threatening the Sakhdad hishway.

The Lancers' death ride.
Boldly (rashly?) handled, the Lancers achieved that very objective.  A crisis loomed for Turkowaz - Turnus at the ships! - but, outnumbered five to one (1 SP remaining against their opponents' 5), and their stronger companion units not quite up, the  Lancers were finally overwhelmed. The remainder of 6th Cavalry Brigade never did manage that final extra push.  This was probably not helped by the Brigade Commander, Lord Garnet, supervising the placing of his Gatling gun detachment overlooking the 51st Turkowaz Division lines, rather than leading his cavalry charges.  We're not yet done with the action in this part of the field!

The cavalry issue still in doubt, though the Lancers have disappeared.
By this time, the action on 45th Division's front had become general. Despite the re-emergence, greatly daring, of the Dorset Infantry from Bustan village to their aid, the Ox and Bucks Light were at last edged out of their foothold in the angle of the Turkowaz line. The presence of the Dorsets did, however, rather discourage the 152nd Regiment from reoccupying the line. The 114th still hung on to their section of the line, having routed 177th infantry and hit the 178th in its reserve position. The remaining two regiments of 45th Division, 179th and 180th were now under assault from the whole of 17th and 18th Brigades, supported by every artillery piece and Gatling gun that could be brought to bear.
General action all along the Rajistan front.
To ease the pressure upon the 45th, elements of the 51st were ordered to counter-attack. It was timely. The 180th Regiment, under attack by three Rajistan battalions, and its left flank enveloped, could scarcely survive for long, especially under the concentric fire of two artillery batteries and, potentially, two Gatling batteries as well. The mitrailleuses of 51st Division were proving insufficient support.
Gatlings in support of attack upon 180th Regiment's hill.
120th Rajinbul holding off counterattack by 204th Regiment.
Leaping over their earthworks came 203rd and 204th Regiments.  The 203rd struck 120th Rajinbul Infantry and sent them reeling into the light brush alongside the 6th Cavalry's Gatling position.  In following up, the 204th Infantry came involved in an ineffectual scrub skirmish that was to last for the rest of the day (That both 204th and 120th Rajinbul ended the day with as many SPs as they began it, was not due to any protection from the terrain.  There was none.  It was just the way the dice fell out).
Another general view of the action.  149th Regiment
(foreground, alongside the river)  has leapt out of their entrenchments 
to counter-attack - but come under
a storm of rifle, Gatling and artillery fire.


Turkowaz determination looked set to defeat the RED attacks when the counter-attack from the right flank also threw back the assailants. Emerging from their earthworks, 149th Regiment drove the Dorsets back towards Bustan. As a result, the 152nd felt emboldened enough to reoccupy the lost angle in the trench line. It now seemed all to do again.  Parts of 17th and 18th Brigades had also been repulsed, only two rather worn battalions still trying to force the earthworks, and the tiring Wellesley Rifles maintaining a tenuous salient in the middle of the enemy line.
152nd Regiment has recaptured the 'angle' but 17th Bde
retains a lodgement.
A 'Glass Half Full' man,  General Scarlett was inclined to see good reason for confidence, however. When the Gatling gun fire resumed after 120th Rajinbul dropped back, the 180th Regiment found it all too much and disintegrated, abandoning in rout the small hill it was defending. It then became something of a race who would re-occupy the unoccupied eminence (As I recall, it would depend who won the initiative roll the next turn).



At the same time, the cavalry action continued to swirl about in lively fashion along the Sakhdad highway. Thirty-third QVOLH even drove 40th Sipahi all the way back to the Pardis riverbank. Unfortunately, the 41st Sipahi served out 16th Dragoons in like fashion, and the Light Horse themselves had become badly depleted. As elements of 51st Division seemed at last to be taking an interest in the cavalry fight, the Rajistan cavalry, such as remained, fell back towards the scrub country to the east. There would be no further attempt to sever the Sakhdad highway. It soon transpired, however, that the Turkowaz horse were not prepared to let matters rest there.


33rd Cavalry losing its battle with 42nd Sipahi.
The dragoons, it turned out, were required by the Brigade Commander,  to lend a hand to 120th Rajinbul to drive off Turkowaz infantry that was closely engaging them.  Although the scrub was not very good going for cavalry, it was reasonable to suppose that their added weight should fling the enemy infantry back into their works. It was not to be. Even under combined attack, the isolated Turkowaz battalion (rated 'poor', mark you) kept their enemies at bay without difficulty.  Meanwhile, the flank guard presented by 33rd Cavalry did not last long.  Forty-first Sipahi scattered them with a final charge (The dice tell the story: the light horse rolled '4', no result; the Sipahi rolled a '6' - a hit. The light horse roll for effect - a '1'.  Having lost its last SP, the light horse disappeared over the skyline).
41st Sipahi continue the charge into the rear of 16th Dragoons.

Then the Sipahi followed up, straight into the rear of the dragoons struggling to drive back the Turkowaz infantry in the scrub. Scoring another hit (5 on the green die, below), the sipahis prevented the dragoons' breaking off.  Shortly afterwards, the latter forced their escape from the trap by turning to face the sipahis and driving them back (Lucky die-roll!). At about this time, the Turkowaz army had fairly well fought itself to a standstill. Accordingly, the sipahis fell back to to Sakhdad highway.  
The Dragoons struggle to break clear...
The line of 45th Division had in the interim been forced altogether from their earthworks, and the remaining regiments, badly depleted, were being chivvied back towards the 51st Division lines. The help from 38th Division had soon melted away. Caught in front of the trench lines, 149th Regiment came in for a terrible battering from gun fire, including that of the emboldened HMS Shoofly, and quickly fell back - what there was left of it - to their original position. Having reoccupied the position in which the 45th Division mitrailleuses had stood, 152nd Regiment also came in for heavy concentric attacks and Gatling gun fire.  Heroically, the Regiment died where it stood.
41st Division's line finally gives way completely.
It wasn't long before all that remained of the Turkowaz army east of the 51st Division trench lines was 204th Regiment, still engaged in its popping musketry duel in the scrub against 120th Rajinbul Infantry.
The Turkowaz counterattacks at an end, General Scarlett exhorted his own flagging army to one more effort. The result might easily have been foreseen. There was still enough fight in the Turkowaz to resent being hustled. With further losses, the Rajistan Expeditionary Division had had enough. The battle petered out with the fading of daylight.
Both sides had reached their exhaustion point, the Turkowaz just one turn before the Rajistan.  Driven out of their first line, the former consolidated about their second.  If anything, that second line would have proved an even stronger obstacle that the first.
General view at the end of the action.  Three 
quarters of the front trench line has been cleared
of its Turkowaz defenders.

There could be no doubt about it, though: their stout defence had cost 41st Division their very existence.  Only remnants remained of 178th and 179th Regiments at day's end; what was left of 177th and 180th Regiments were fugitives, by nightfall well on the way northward along the Sakhdad highway.  Nor did 38th Division come off lightly. 152nd Regiment's gallant counter-attack and final stand was to become legendary in Turkowaz military annals, whilst 149th had also taken heavy losses.

Finally, the Turkowaz were inclined to claim victory in the cavalry battle (not to say in the battle as a whole). True is was that they had fought their mounted opponents to a standstill, and came within an ace of surrounding and capturing their last Ruberian unit still in action. In fighting their way out, the Dragoons did much to redress the balance.  But it could not be said that they achieved their objective, however well within reach it had appeared at one point early in the day.
The outcome has to be seen as a Turkowaz strategic victory.  No longer could the RED Army sustain two such costly actions with the enemy still a powerful force in being, and not afraid of a fight, and still with untapped local military resources. Major-General Scarlett was destined, for some time to come, to remain a major-general. Not for him the accolades of taking the fabulous ancient city of Sakhdad. Not for him the glorious end to a hard campaign. Not for him the heady heights of Corps command and, perhaps, hope for a peerage. 

The following day, he disconsolately ordered the march back to Hak-al-Amara.

Possibly to be continued...

Saturday, August 10, 2019

More From the Chronicles of Rajistan...


A general view of the encounter at Cpistupon*

Following the check at Hak-al-Amara, Major-General Scarlett found a good deal of rest, recreation and reorganisation required before he could contemplating a further drive up the Pardis River to the goal he craved: Sakhdad - and the longed-for promotion to Lieutenant-General. Sixteenth Brigade had been particularly badly cut up, and the 18th had taken a serious mauling as well. Both required a battalion to be stricken from the Order of Battle, and the 16th lost their Gatling detachment as well.
The battlefield.  The light green patches signify light scrub;
the dark green, heavy. 

To be sure, Nasr-Ed-Din Pasha's army had been no less roughly handled.  After a day or so waiting behind the river at Hak-al-Amara, the Turkowaz Army of Medifluvia retreated north several tens of miles, to prepare a another reception for the Rajistan Expeditionary Division should they venture northward. Whilst preparing his lines about the famous site of the ancient Farsistan city of Cpistupon*, Nasr-Ed-Din welcomed the addition of a shore battery.  This he placed on the west bank a mile or so south of his HQ at Qusabah overlooking the length of a west-east reach of the Pardis River. The battered and attenuated 35th Division occupied nearby trenches by way of protection. Their sole communication with the main army was by way of a bridge of boats not far from Qusabah village.



To his dismay, however, the Pasha became soon bereft of his strongest Division. Called for elsewhere, the 37th, which had hardly been engaged at Hak, was badly needed at quite another theatre. Without it, Nasr-Ed-Din despaired of ever holding his position against a determined attack. As news arrived that the  Ruberian Army had resumed its advance, with an accompanying gunboat flotilla, his appeals for reinforcements to Sakhdad and to Ionople became increasingly urgent and strident.


Looking northwards upriver; HMS Shoofly in the foreground
somewhat protected by heavy scrub.

Not before time, the Army of Mesofluvia received replacements comprising not one, but two fresh Divisions, 45th and 51st, both including a detachment of mitrailleuse 'machine' guns. The Army now comprised:

Turkowaz Army of Medifluvia (TURQUOISE):

Command:  Nasr-Ed-Din Pasha 6SP

35th Division: Duya-ed-Din Pasha (and entourage) (1SP - Elite)
     137th Regiment (3SP - Poor {levy})
     138th Regiment (3SP - Poor)
     139th Regiment (3SP - Poor)
       Naval Shore battery (under command (2SP - Average)    
38th Division: Ali Sait Akbaytogan (1SP - Elite)
     149th Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     150th Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     152nd Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     38th Mountain Artillery (2SP - Average)
45th Division: Abdul Jabbar Emir (1SP - Elite)
     177th Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     178th Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     179th Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     180th Regiment (4SP - Poor)
       45th Division Mitrailleuse Detachment (2SP - Average)
     45th Mountain Artillery (2SP- Average)
51st Division: Suleiman Jaya (1SP - Elite)
     201st Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     202nd Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     203rd Regiment (4SP - Poor)
     204th Regiment (4SP - Poor)
      51st Division Mitrailleuse Detachment (2SP - Average)
     51st Mountain Artillery (2SP- Average)

14th Cavalry Division: Ahmed Fayzi Pasha (1SP - Elite)
     40th Cavalry Regiment  (3SP - Average)
     41st Cavalry Regiment  (3SP - Average)
     42nd Cavalry Regiment (3SP - Average)

13th Field Artillery: (2SP - Average)

29 units; Median 15
85 Strength Points; Exhaustion Point = -29


38th and 45th Division trench lines

Points to note:

1.  35th Division was so badly knocked about in the previous action that one regiment (140th) had to be disbanded, and the other three had all lost a strength point each.  Further to that, the Division had lost all its artillery.  This was partly offset by the attached shore guns, but they, of course, could not be moved.

2.  38th division had also taken heavy losses at Hak, most notably the surrender of 151st Regiment.  So, it too was reduced to three regiments, but they at least kept the original SPs.

3.  It is still a ragtag army!


View from behind 16th Brigade ('C' Column)

Meanwhile, their energies more or less restored, the Rajistan Expeditionary Division troops were marching rapidly upriver, until on 21st November, 1875, their arrival at the point at which lines of entrenched Turkowazians confronted them.  

Major-General Scarlett had with him:

Rajistan Expeditionary Division (RED): Major-General Sir Grinmore Scarlett   6SP

View from behind 'A' Column


16th 'Poona' Brigade ('C' Column): Lieutenant-Colonel  Sir Halibut Sangwigne  (1SP - Elite)
    2nd Dorsets  (3SP - Elite)
    114th Duke of Wellesley's Rifles (3SP - Average)
    117th Madasahatta Infantry (3SP - Average)
    
17th 'Ahmednagar' Brigade ('A' Column): Brigadier Sam Vermilion-Jones  (1SP - Elite)
     1st Ox and Bucks (4SP - Elite)
     22nd Punchnjab Infantry (4SP - Average)
     103rd Madasahatta Infantry (4SP - Average)
     119th Myulshuh Infantry (4SP - Average)
     'Ahmednagar' Gatling Company (2SP - Average)

18th 'Belgaum' Brigade ('B' Column): Colonel Sir Redfers Carmine, Bart. (1SP - Elite)
     2nd Norfolk Infantry (4SP - Elite)
     110th Madasahatta Infantry (4SP - Average)
     120th Rajinbul Infantry (4SP - Average)
     'Belgaum' Gatling Company (2SP - Average)

6th Cavalry Brigade ('D' Column) : Brigadier Salmond Lord Garnet (1SP - Elite)
    7th Lancers (3SP - Elite)
    16th Dragoons (3SP - Elite)
    33rd Queen Victoria's Own Light Horse (3SP - Average)
    Gatling Detachment, RHA (2SP - Average)

Division Artillery:
   'X' Mountain Artillery Brigade (2SP - Average)
   1st Rajistan Mountain Artillery (2SP - Average)
   5th Hants Field Howitzer Battery (2SP - Average)
HMS Shoofly

Pardis River Flotilla:
   HMS Shoofly ('Fly' Class Gunboat) (5SP - Average)


25 Units; 13 Median.
73 Strength Points; Exhaustion point -25SP.

Turkowaz 35th Division and the shore battery.

Points to note:

1.  Sir Rubeus Redmayne having been wounded at Hak and not yet recovered from his injuries, Lt-Col Sir Halibut Sangwigne assumed command of 16th Brigade.

2.  16th Brigade having taken heavy losses at Hak, has been reduced to 3 battalions, each with just 3SP.  It has also lost its Gatling detachment.

3.  18th Brigade has also lost one of its battalions in the attack at Hak.  The remaining 3 battalions have retained their SP values.
4.  Taken overall, a very slightly weakened Rajistan column is about to take on a somewhat strengthened Turkowaz corps.  How will this turn out?

To be continued...
* Afterword on 'Cpistupon'.  This battle is based upon the historical World War One Mesopotamian action at Ctesiphon (22-25 November, 1915).  That battle, for its size, was probably one of the bloodiest history can show.  A reaction among the British soldiery was to render the name famous from antiquity into something more evocatively modern: 'Cpistupon'.  How could I possibly let that one go by?





Tuesday, August 6, 2019

Portable Napoleonic Wargames: More Combat Mechanics.

French Division column of 3 regiments attacking a
British line of 2 Brigades.  Generals accompanying;
the pluses and minuses cancel out.  An even fight.
I admit to procrastinating on this post.  In the previous, I suggested slight amendments to The Portable Napoleonic Wargame to resolve what I considered to be a problem with the (close) combat mechanics.  The 'problem', as I saw it, was that in certain, not rare, situations, one side would be entire immune from harm.  Not even rolling a '1' would incur a hit.

Nor did I like the notion of arbitrarily deciding that rolling a natural '1' on a D6 would be a hit, regardless of modifier (that a '6' on a D6 might be insufficient to 'save' a unit from harm doesn't seem to come into consideration, the way the mechanics work).  Hence the methods I've suggested.  Before leaving this, it was remarked in response to my last posting that the effect of a supporting stand being a 'plus' for its own side and a 'minus' for the enemy was perhaps to skew the results too much in favour of which side had the edge.  That is a reasonable argument, but there are two reasons for my deciding to set it aside:

  • I wanted to change the published game mechanics as little as possible - to stay with 'the spirit' of the original game;
  • A change to an 'asymmetric' system of adding only or subtracting only seemed likely to lead to rather more sweeping changes being required to the combat mechanics.  That of course doesn't rule the notion out of court if I couldn't make the system 'work' they way I wanted within the parameters I had set for myself.

British line attacking a French column.
 Not the best approach (piecemeal) - a losing proposition for the
Redcoats.
Now, we could leave the matter here, but it seemed to me a week ago that the game rather omitted the 'column vs line' theme that was such a feature of many of the battles, especially of the Revolutionary and Peninsular Wars.  Looking back to the Brigade and Divisional sets - yep: there they were.  Why not at Army Corps or Army level?
French columnar attack:
Here the Redcoats can claim flank support from the right -
in contact, otherwise not engaged, but not from the left
(not in contact with the French column).
I admit it took longer than it ought to ask myself this.  It should to have occurred to me sooner.  In trying out a new rule set, it is usually a very good idea, when encountering something hard to understand or to accept, to ask: 'Why has the author done it this way?' Why has he omitted this; why has he included that; and why choose such-and-such a method?  I could of course ask Bob Cordery himself, but I think I pretty much had an answer already.  Column and line combat was to be subsumed by the scale.  The two, three or four elements to a grid area were pretty much cognate to 'stacking' the unit chits in board war games.

In the light of this, what have now to suggest is rather less compelling.  However, I have decided that for my own purposes, and given the grid size compared with my own elements (see the picture below), even at this scale, there remains scope for 'column' vs 'line' combat.  Hence my suggestion of +2 for friendly supporting flanking unit  in the same grid area; and -2 to a unit attacking an enemy unit  that has  a supporting flanking unit in the same grid area.  Recall from last time, that who has the more 'pluses' adds 1 to his die roll; who has the more 'minuses' takes 1 from his die roll.  The presence of generals, by the way, only adds to his own side, and has no effect - not even if he is Napoleon himself - upon the enemy.
French column overlapped on both flanks by the British line.
Not a healthy place for the French to be!


But even that doesn't seem to me to be quite enough.
Let's repeat the second diagram here:

Check it out.  A French Divisional column of 4 stands, led by the Divisional commander, advances into contact with the main body of a British Division of 3 brigades.  For some reason the British Division commander is no longer commanding (possibly taken by a cannonball or something).

French Roll: n + 4 (General + 3 supporting units) - 3 (enemy flanking supporting units 1 in same hex plus unengaged enemy contacted in adjacent hex)
British Roll: m + 2 (Flanking support in same hex) - 3 (enemy rear supports in same hex)
French have the extra 'plus', so can add 1 to the D6 roll.
Minuses are equal, and so neither side subtracts from the die roll.
The French will be hit if they roll '1'; the British will be hit on a roll of 1 or 2.

Now it is the British turn, and the whole Division counterattacks.  As they are already in contact, it is just a matter of their 'initiating' the combat this turn.  Now there are two combats.  Given that the advantage in both lie with the French, one feels that this is too much a losing proposition for the British.  Mind you, it is aruable that this is too piecemeal an approach.  The Redcoats would do better concentrated in the one grid area.

I'm very tempted to suggest that a line of two elements as depicted here, both elements initiate combats, still counting their fellow as a flanking supporting rank.   But it is still a losing proposition, even with a general present.

However, there is a solution.  If the third British brigade were in the same grid area as the main body, it would add a (rear) supporting element.  The presence of a general will then put 3 British Brigades, in line with integral rear support, on a par with the four French in Divisional column.

If were are to continue placing negatives for enemy in contact and pluses for for friends in flanking adjacent grid areas, - in effect an overlap - then we might have to look at something a little extra (in the negative direction) for being in contact with enemy on flank or rear.


The next few diagrams are part of a play test of the ideas I had been mulling around.  In the above diagram A French infantry Division and light horse brigade attack a British Division strung out in the dear old 'thin red streak'.  The French infantry can count a general and 3 rear supporting ranks.  The light horse count 1 rear supporting rank.


The British facing the French infantry can count one flanking support unit within the same grid area (+2), and one unengaged flank support from the adjacent grid area (+1) to their left.  As the right flank brigade is under attack by French horse, it can not help the rest of the division.  That brigade can count no pluses at all, and will have to subtract 1 from the die roll owing to the cavalry's rear support.
In the above diagram, the French cavalry are in line.  I am inclined, however to reserve the +2 for flank support in the same grid area to infantry, and possibly supporting cannon. 

The above diagram presents a thicker line for the French to face, equalising the 'minuses'. French have 4 'pluses' to 3; and 3 'minuses' to 3.
Here, the French have caught a Tartar: a powerful British Division of 4 brigades, in two successive lines.  Even with no general present on the British side, the prospects are in favour of the British: pluses even, and the French have to take the minus.
Even worse for the French, this strong enemy has a general present.  The Column will take a minus on its die roll; the British will take a plus.   But ...
... Here come the French cavalry!  Led by Marshal Davout, no less.  It is the French turn.
French Infantry: Roll i; +5 (General + 3 rear support +  flank support*) - 4 (1 flank and 2 rear enemy supports in same grid area.
British Infantry vs infantry: Roll j; +5 (General + 2 rear support + 2 for in-hex flank support); -4 (3 enemy rear supports, and contact with unengaged enemy).
French Light Horse: Roll h; +3 (Marshal + rear support + flank support), -4 (enemy 1 flank and 2 rear supports).
British Infantry vs cavalry: Roll k: + 5 (General + 2 rear support +2 for in-hex flank support), -2 (Cav rear support + flank support)

French Infantry vs British Infantry: plus modifiers equal; minus modifiers equal means no adjustment to the die rolls. 
If i = 1 or 2, the French infantry take a hit
If j = 1 or 2, the British take a hit.
French Cavalry vs British Infantry: Plus modifiers favour the British (5 to 3); Negative modifiers also favour the British (-2 to -4).  British add 1 to their roll; French subtract 1).
If h = 1, 2 or 3, the French cavalry take a hit.
If k = 1, the British infantry take a hit.

* Flank support from adjacent grid areas are cancelled if the 'supporting' unit is in close combat itself with another unit.  In the above diagram, if a second British unit or formation stood to the immediate right of the one shown, then it would be engaged by the French cavalry.  Neither would get the flank support.

French light horse, led by Marshal Davout, encounters a
formation of Austrian cuirassiers.  Should the linear supporting
element modify die rolls by 1 or 2 in this case?  Should the
appearance of line and column be ignored on account of scale?
After all this, I'm simply not sure I want to go down this track - at least not so far.  That won't stop me play testing the idea in the fairly near future!  What I will have to investigate is whether any added complication adds anything to the game system; and whether it adds or subtracts from the play and the satisfaction from it.