|View of the Austrian array as seen from behind Calderin village.|
|The French horde. The place with the|
ecclesiastical edifice is Caldiero.
|The Austrian right, occupying the high ground.|
|French 'off table' reserves. Those two dragoon regiments|
would have very different experiences!
|The cuirassiers arrive, and swing off the the French right flank...|
|...where the Austrian left is looking pretty thin!|
|Austrian gun battery overlooking Caldiero.|
|Caldiero itself, held by two Austrian battalions.|
|Austrian right-centre - a formidable array!|
|The French left-centre don't appear so very concerned...|
|The French right flank also advancing...|
|... led by Tyrolean jaeger, the Austrian left flank brigade|
come off the hill to meet them.
|Mark (Simbchen) and 'Jacko' (Archduke Charles) with|
their respective wings... The San Zeno village also crammed with
|A bit of a conference in the centre...|
|The hand of General Molitor, directing his troops, being led and|
screened by long skirmish lines.
|Powerful French columns in the centre. First task: to take out|
the Caldiero garrison!
|A sight worrying to the French: the arrival of six regiments|
of Austrian light horse, two of them uhlans, on the Austrian
|A general view from Marshal Massena's position of the sweep|
around Caldiero. The arrival of that mass of enemy light horse
was to put a crimp in the Marshal's style...
|Brigade of cuirassiers enveloping the Austrian left.|
But the Austrian infantry look ready enough!
|First assaults on Caldiero don't go so well.|
|French dragoons chance their arm against an Austrian square...|
Advance! - for a more rapid approach move provided it does not come within musketry range;
Artillery bombardment - for more effective bombardment, but there is a potential cost
Glory! - join close combat OR rally a unit.
|Having taken the north half of the town, the French find|
the remaining garrison very herd to shift.
|Battalion columns of grenadiers awaiting the fall of Caldiero|
so as to press on to the hill beyond.
|On Molitor's front, French battalion columns and lines are already|
assaulting the high ground, held by successive Austrian lines.
|Here comes General d'Espagne's Division of chasseurs-a-cheval...|
|...and the reason for their timely arrival!|
|The action is now fairly general along the whole front...|
|...but Lacour's cuirassiers and Goulos's hussars wait for the|
effects of their respective brigades' artillery.
|The brigade of Dragoons push past Gambion village to|
help the French columns.
|French foot battery tries to batter the Austrian counterparts|
up the road ...
|All out assault on Molitor's front. Heavy casualties from|
attacking the protected gun battery.
|The Austrian threat to the French left seems to be abating...|
|Ferocious action as the French attempt to storm the heights.|
|More bad news for Massena: the arrival of a Division of|
Austrian cuirassiers. I wonder where they are going?
|Marshal Massena is being a trifle more circumspect than his colleague|
but his dragoons are eyeing the sole Austrian gun battery on this
|General situation in the centre.|
|In go the dragoons! Straight over the Austrian guns!...|
|... and, carried away by blood-lust, into a square of grenadiers!|
|Caldiero is proving a tough nut to crack...|
|The Uhlans' revenge! Erzherzog Carl Ludwig Uhlan catch|
a French battalion in line.
|Meanwhile the Merveldt Uhlans and guns keep the leading|
battalion locked in square.
|A dangerous situation has developed on the French right centre.|
|Austrians preparing a strong defence line against a possible|
French attempt to roll up the southern flank.
|Having ridden down one battalion, the Uhlans try to crush|
the battalion square of a battered battalion of
|French dragoons facing off Austrian Hussars...|
|Failing to break the square, the Uhlans are recalled.|
|Heavy casualties among the French columns trying to storm the town.|
The Austrian hold is weakening, however.
Whilst assaulting the southern half of Caldiero, the French opted to relieve the battalion occupying the northern half. Having taken two 'disorder hits' already, and under skirmisher fire, this unit was deemed too vulnerable to be left in the place. The pressure not being acute, however, the local French commander took the opportunity to relieve it with an altogether fresh battalion, that could in turn lend its weight to the eviction of the Austrians remaining in the town.
|Lacour's whole Cavalry Division charge. Dragoons and|
cuirassiers against hussars - this can go only one way,
|Meanwhile, the artillery continue to batter the Austrian|
grenadiers holding this flank.
|Black and white for a change: the battle still rages for the heights.|
Molitor's wing is taking heavy losses, but is at least keeping
this wing pinned down...
|...whilst Molitor's right wing, helped by infantry and guns from|
Compere's Brigade bids fair to smash through along
the main road.
|The Austrian right flank... somewhat under-employed...|
|Austrians still holding San Zeno village, never to be dislodged.|
|Will the Austrians never quit Caldiero?!|
|Outcome of the cavalry fight: One French and one Austrian|
unit broken; the other two combats enough to put both units on
either side out of the battle for the rest of the day.
|On the hill behind Caldiero, Archduke Charles oversees|
the gun battery pounding exposed French infantry squares
between Caldiero and Gambion.
|But this sector of the Austrian line is looking thin... but for the|
arrival Lipper's brigade of grenadiers in the distance.
|Molitor's attacks are progressing!|
|At last Caldiero has fallen!|
|...Whilst Lenchantin's Hussars, having stormed an already|
battered gun line, storms on and over a redan.
|The Austrian centre has been breached! But neither Molitor |
nor Messena have reserves immediately to hand to widen the gap...
|Feldmarschalleutnant Simbchen calmly marshals his reserves to|
seal the breach.
|A low angled shot of the northern sector. Here the Austrian|
positions, even San Zeno, having seen off French assaults,
remain in Austrian hands..
|Archduke Charles reforming his lines. His left flank having taken|
a knock, he pulls his flank in a little closer the centre.
|I do like these low-angle shots...|
|The breach in the Austrian centre slams shut betimes, before|
the French could bring reserves up to keep it open.
|The Austrians are even emboldened enough to launch counter|
attacks of their own. Kaiser Kürassier charge a French square.
I think we can end the narrative there, as far as the action went. Molitor had secured a lodgement on the Heights south of San Zeno, but it looked as though the Austrians had fought them to a standstill. The French had taken Caldiero, and driven in the Austrian left. But such successes as had been achieved were far from decisive.
|Even so, it is a measure of Molitor's (Andrew's) progress that his|
person was seen upon the heights, directing his troops...
|A rather thinned out Austrian left wing. The French horse|
are taking too long to recover from their tough fight earlier.
|The French, too have taken heavy losses...|
|Nassau-Usingen Kürassier strike the flank of a French|
|... and exploit on the roll up an infantry battalion as well!|
|The victorious Austrian cuirassiers, get ready to retreat|
after their successful raid.
|Massena still commands strong reserves in the centre, which|
might yet have proved decisive.
|End of the action on the French right. The cavalry are at last|
ready for another round, but night is drawing in...